design history 101: renaissance

Thursday, September 20, 2012 0 Permalink 4

name of era: renaissance date range of era: 1450 – 1600 ad key characteristics and motifs: emphasis on symmetry, proportion, and geometry classical "rebirth" with references to anceint rome & greece columns, pilasters,and lintels semicircular arches, hemispherical domes, niches,and aedicules cherubs plant and natural elements, rosette, swag, rinceau featuring tiny animals or human heads scrolls cartouches geometric pattern checkered marble floors (usually black and white and laid ...

design history 101: romanesque

Thursday, August 23, 2012 0 Permalink 5

name of era: romanesque date range of era: 500 to 1200 ad  key characteristics and motifs: geometric shapes and chevrons stylized foliage spirals murals & stained glass religious figures, beasts, animals & demons precision masonry work with heavy mortar brick, limestone, granite, & flint massive qualities: thick walls (often double shells filled with rubble), sturdy piers, & large towers pier and column alternation salvage, drum, & hollow core ...

design history 101: byzantine

Thursday, August 9, 2012 0 Permalink 4

name of era: early christian & byzantine date range of era: c. 313 – 1435 ad key characteristics and motifs: christ & mary the apostles & saints other religious symbols rulers foliage frets waves geometric designs peacock representing eternal life rosettes griffins gold ivory iron stucco concrete squinches and pendentives mosaic & tesserae with gold leaf the byzantine imperial flag two-headed bird with crown 1. hagia sophia in istanbul, turkey (cross-section) 2. carving with rosettes, foliage, and peacocks 3. byzantine symbol - two-headed bird ...

design history 101: ancient rome

Thursday, August 2, 2012 0 Permalink 6

name of era: ancient rome date range of era: c. 750 bc - 340 ad key characteristics and motifs:  rosettes laurel wreath egg and dart arches, voussoirs, barrel vaults, apses, domes, etc, oculus atriums columns and pilasters coffered ceilings mosaics frescos concrete (pozzolana, made from volcanic ash) marble stone feats of hydro engineering, baths, aqueducts, dams, hypocaust, etc. major greek influences 1. coffered dome with oculus-the pantheon 2. frescos 3. pantheon 4. the six columns styles employed ...

design history 101: ancient greece

Thursday, July 26, 2012 0 Permalink 8

name of era: ancient greece date range of era: c. mid-7th centrury bc – 1st century ad key characteristics and motifs:  concentric circles zigzags spirals acanthus leaf pattern meander, fret, or greek key wave pattern rosettes exquisite krater (mixing bowl) and vase pottery red, black, and white pottery sculpture bronze marble klismos chair diphros (stool) trapeza (3-legged table) kline (bed) parthenon doric, ionic, and corinthian orders (columns) caryatid (female) and telamon (male) columns in human form emphasis on ...

design history 101: ancient and classical japan

Thursday, July 19, 2012 0 Permalink 6

name of era: ancient & classical japan date range of era: c. 1500 bc – 1200 ad key characteristics and motifs: bamboo sakura, or cherry, blossoms clouds and sky snow maple leaves gardens butterflies silk hemp leaves cranes architecture with curved eaves & intricate bracket systems extensive chinese and buddist influences 1. traditional style of a japanese home with tatami (floor mats), soji screens, and mutli-use, configurable spaces 2. buddist-inspired architecture which uses ...

design history 101: pre-columbian

Thursday, July 12, 2012 0 Permalink 4

name of era: pre-columbian (before columbus) date range of era: c. 900 bc - 1533 ad key characteristics and motifs:  gigantic head sculptures rain agriculture fertility enormous, free standing block columns skulls human forms with bird feet, feline fangs, or reptilian eyes geometric patterns gold exquisitely precise cut stone construction (no mortar) stone pottery granite   1. paracas textile 2. geometric pattern on pottery 3. toltec carving of quetzalcoatl  4. paracas skulls ...

design history 101: early and dynastic china

Thursday, July 5, 2012 0 Permalink 6

name of era: early and dynastic china date range of era: c. 2100 bc – 1800s key characteristics and motifs: the twelve symbols of authority: sun, moon, constellation of three stars, mountain, dragon, pheasant, pair of bronze goblets, seaweed, grain, fire, ax, fu symbol (happiness) the five elements: wood, fire, earth, metal, water phoenix fish flaming pearl cherries bamboo fretwork jade bronze porcelain pottery calligraphy and brushwork paper silk pagoda joinery articulation & dougong, or ...

design history 101: early & classical india

Thursday, June 28, 2012 0 Permalink 9

name of era: early and classical india date range of era: (c.300 bc – 1750s) key characteristics and motifs:  lion peacock elephants bone inlay paisley lotus silver & gold religious figures buddist, muslim, & hindu influences rich, bold colors textiles block printing rock cut architecture cusped arches   1. elephant motif 2. taj mahal-islamic architectural influences 3. hindu deities 4. carved paisley stamp 5. cut rock architecture carved lintel 6. lion of sarnath-lion motif 7. red, gold, mirrored textile 8. ...

design history 101: babylon syria persia

Thursday, June 21, 2012 0 Permalink 8

name of era: babylonian, syrian, persian date range of era: c. 2000-333 bc key characteristics and motifs: the bull with a man's head double headed animals winged animals scientific and mathematic details multiples of 12 iron and bronze ibex lions military astronomy tree of life  skyscrapers (tower of babel)   1. lamassu (bull-man) 2. tree of life motif 3. double ibex  4. multiples of 12 5. babylonian architecture 6. hanging gardens of babylon ...